Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences

Volume 6, Issue 5, September 2018

  • Differential Inhibition of the Rhythm and Amplitude of Acetylcholine-Dependent Contraction in the Murine Jejunum and Ileum In Vitro by Thiamin and Quinine

    Atsuko Yamashita, Nana Shimamoto, Kyoko Morita, Hasumi Sugiyama, Shiho Tadakuma, Maki Kato, Mari Kimoto, Kazuo Toda, Masato Ota

    Issue: Volume 6, Issue 5, September 2018
    Pages: 115-122
    Received: 5 July 2018
    Accepted: 16 July 2018
    Published: 22 October 2018
    Abstract: Previously, the effects of several bitter substances have been investigated in the contraction of the murine jejunum and ileum, reporting that these independently suppress the rhythm generation of the interstitial cells of Cajal. Recently, it was reported that thiamin, which binds to a bitter taste receptor, modifies the early phase of the ileum co... Show More
  • Assessing Factors Contributing to the Prevalence of Protein–Energy Malnutrition Among Children Under Five Years of Age Attending Kigoma District Hospital, Tanzania

    Ejike Daniel Eze, Ambrose Barasa, Moses Dele Adams, Karimah Mohammed Rabiu, Emmanuel Tiyo Ayikobua, Iliya Ezekiel, Quadri Khadijah Kofoworola, Alfred Omachonu Okpanachi

    Issue: Volume 6, Issue 5, September 2018
    Pages: 123-128
    Received: 9 September 2018
    Accepted: 28 September 2018
    Published: 6 November 2018
    Abstract: Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) is a form of malnutrition that is common in children under 5 years of age in the developing countries and even the developed countries. Young children are the most vulnerable to the vicious cycles of malnutrition, infection and disability, all of which influence the present condition of a child and the future human... Show More
  • Telomere Length of Multiple Dietary Supplement Users - A Cross-sectional Study in Comparison with Age-matched Controls

    Hong Wang, Bruce Paul Daggy, Jamie Francine McManus, Les G Wong

    Issue: Volume 6, Issue 5, September 2018
    Pages: 129-134
    Received: 10 October 2018
    Accepted: 2 November 2018
    Published: 26 November 2018
    Abstract: Telomeres are DNA-protein complexes that cap chromosomal ends to promote chromosomal stability. Telomere length has been associated with diet and nutrition and inversely associated with mortality, life stress, and diseases. The objective of the current study was to explore the effect of long-term intake of multiple dietary supplements on telomere l... Show More